What is Sports Medicine?
Sports Medicine is a broad term that describes any area of
specialization having to do with athletes' health or performance.
What is an Athletic Trainer?
trainer is an allied-health professional that is concerned with the well-being of the athlete, and generally assumes the responsibility
for overseeing the total health care for the athlete.
History of Athletic Training
Athletic training has its
roots in early Greece. Athenians- Gymnastes- had coaches, strength coaches, and physicians took care of everything to prepare
the athlete for competition.
Athletic training as we know it did not come into existence until the late nineteenth
century, when intercollegiate and interscholastic athletics were firmly established in the U.S.
Early athletic trainers
were "hangers on" who "rubbed down" the athletes, and carried water to the athletes. These "trainers" possessed no technical
knowledge, and their athletic training techniques usually consisted of the application of some type of counterirritant, and
occasionally the prescription of some type of home remedy.
Because many of those early athletic trainers were persons
of questionable background and experience, it has taken many years for the athletic trainer to become recognized as a well
qualified allied health care professional.
1950--athletic trainers from various institutions met in Kansas City, MO
and officially formed the National Athletic Trainers' Association.
The Purpose of the NATA was to establish professional
standards for athletic trainers.
STANDARDS TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER
You must obtain a bachelor's degree.
Classes must include the following:
Kinesiology or Biomechanics
Health, General Health, or Nutrition
Psychology- General, adolescent, abnormal
Prevention of Athletic Injuries
Additional classes Include:
Advanced Athletic Training
Evaluation or Assessment
Organization and Administration
Field work or Internship
can become candidates for the NATABOC national certification examination through 2 tracks.
Internship (expires January
Must include the minimum class work, and complete 1500 hours of internship under an ATC. These hours must be
done over a period of 2-5 years.
Approved Curriculum (must be approved by CAAHEP & NATA-JRC)
Must have specific
course work, and complete 1000 hours of internship under a certified ATC over a period of 2-5 years.
The NATABOC national
exam is comprised of 3 parts:
150 written multiple choice
Oral practical exam
score 70% or better to pass each part. All parts are taken at the same time. If you fail a part, you may retake only that
part at a later date.
You have 3 chances to pass. After 3 times you must reapply retake the entire test.
passing the NATABOC Exam, you must also obtain a license in each state that you work in.
AR requires proof of NATA
Certification or pass state test. $125 initial fee. $50 renewal fee.
Work settings for ATC's
2. School districts
3. College or University
4. Professional sports
5. Sports Medicine Clinic
6. Industrial settings
ROLE OF THE ATC
NATA has developed 6 performance domains for athletic training:
1. Prevention of athletic injuries
2. Recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries
3. Immediate care
Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
5. Organization and administration
6. Professional development and responsibility
(Continuing Education Units) (CEUs)
Educational Council has developed 12 educational competencies to be taught:
Acute care of injury and illness
2. Assessment and evaluation
3. General medical conditions and disabilities
Health care administration
5. Nutritional aspects of injury and illnesses
6. Pathology of illness and injury
Pharmacological aspects of injury
8. Professional development and responsibility
9. Psychological intervention and
10. Risk management and injury prevention
11. Therapeutic exercise
12. Therapeutic modalities
SCOPE OF PRACTICE
Injury prevention and risk management
1. Developing training and conditioning programs
safe playing environment
3. Selecting, fitting, and maintaining protective equipment
4. Explaining the importance
5. Using medications appropriately.
Recognition, Evaluation and Assessment of injuries (ATCs do not
1. Conducting physical examinations
2. Understanding the pathology of injury and illness
to medical care
Immediate care of injury and illness
First aid and CPR
Treatment, Rehabilitation, and
1. Designing rehabilitation programs
2. Supervising rehabilitation programs
3. Incorporating therapeutic
4. Offering psychosocial intervention
Organization and Administration
1. Record keeping
Ordering equipment and supplies
3. Supervising personnel
4. Establishing policies for operation of an athletic training
Professional Development and Responsibilities
1. The athletic trainer as an educator
2. The athletic
trainer as a counselor
THE PRIMARY SPORTS MEDICINE TEAM
of the team physician
The athletic trainer works primarily under the supervision of the team physician, who is ultimately
responsible for directing the total health care of the athlete.
1. Compiling medical histories
2. Diagnosing injury
3. Deciding on disqualification and return to play
4. Attending practice and games
5. Committing to sports and
The coach is directly responsible for preventing injuries by seeing that the athlete has
undergone a preventive injury conditioning program. The coach must ensure tat sports equipment, especially protective equipment,
is of the highest quality and is properly fitted.
SUPPORT PERSONNEL CONCERNED WITH THE ATHLETES HEALTH
Strength and conditioning